A 2008 study of a sample of 741 people in India, where eggplant is commonly consumed, found nearly 10% reported some allergic symptoms after consuming eggplant, with 1.4% showing symptoms within two hours. Mites associated with cutaneous reactions Scientific name Common name(s) Disease(s) caused and/or transmitted Acarus siro: Flour mite: Baker's itch: Glyciphagus domesticus: Grocer's itch: Carpoglyphus passularum: Little leaf of brinjal is known to cause heavy economic losses in India. The Italian melanzana, through folk-etymology, was adapted to mela insana ('mad apple'): already by the thirteenth century, this name had given rise to a tradition that eggplants could cause insanity. In a dish from Maharashtra called bharli vangi, small brinjals are stuffed with ground coconut, peanuts, onions, tamarind, jaggery and masala spices, and then cooked in oil. These scientific names, usually derived from Latin, are generally pieced together from words that represent what the insect is or what it can do ("Praying Mantis" = "Mantis religiosa"). Some other cultivars are white and longer in shape. Scientific Name. , The browning of eggplant flesh results from the oxidation of polyphenols, such as the most abundant phenolic compound in the fruit, chlorogenic acid.. Contact dermatitis from eggplant leaves and allergy to eggplant flower pollen have also been reported. Brinjal Pests and Diseases (Eggplant): Let us discuss today Brinjal Pests and Diseases, symptoms, and their control methods.. Diseases of Brinjal: Damping off: This disease causes severe damage to the plants. 10. Join now. The Greek loans took a variety of forms, but crucially they began with m-, partly because Greek lacked the initial b- sound and partly through folk-etymological association with the Greek word μέλας (melas), 'black'. Bicolored cultivars with color gradient include 'Rosa Bianca', 'Violetta di Firenze', 'Bianca Sfumata di Rosa' (heirloom), and 'Prosperosa' (heirloom). An actual S. violaceum, an unrelated plant described by Ortega, included Dunal's S. amblymerum and was often confused with the same author's S.  Another popular dish is adobong talong, which is diced eggplant prepared with vinegar, soy sauce, and garlic as an adobo. They are known as talong and is widely used in many stew and soup dishes, like pinakbet. Korean and Japanese eggplant varieties are typically thin-skinned.. The Hobson-Jobson dictionary comments that 'probably there is no word of the kind which has undergone such extraordinary variety of modifications, whilst retaining the same meaning, as this'.. Bionomics. ... A fully grown mite lives for about 2 weeks and lays about 200 eggs during this time. Larger cultivars weighing up to a kilogram (2.2 pounds) grow in the region between the Ganges and Yamuna Rivers, while smaller ones are found elsewhere. An English botany book in 1597 described the madde or raging Apple: This plant groweth in Egypt almost everywhere... bringing foorth fruite of the bignes of a great Cucumber.... We have had the same in our London gardens, where it hath borne flowers, but the winter approching before the time of ripening, it perished: notwithstanding it came to beare fruite of the bignes of a goose egge one extraordinarie temperate yeere... but never to the full ripenesse. Though difficult to see in plants, thrips can be seen by shaking flowers and new foliage over a white sheet of paper. At home, they can be kept in cool … All spider mites spin fine strands of webbing on the host plant — hence their name. Due to its texture and bulk, it is sometimes used as a meat substitute in vegan and vegetarian cuisines. #shorts #YouTubeshort #short #shortvideo Biology students bataye baingan scientific name | brinjal botanical name | baingan ka vagyanic naam The body of a spider mite is separated into two distinct parts: (1) the gnathosoma and (2) the idiosoma. Eggplant, Auberigine, Brinjal. 4. brinjal is extensively cultivated in all the districts as a major cash crop in an area of 0.17 Lakh ... with non insect pest red spider mite (Teranychus macfurlanei Baker) were the major pests. 1Senior Scientific officer, 2Chief Scientific Officr (In-charge), 3,4&5Scientific Officer, ... population abundance of red spider mite in brinjal, cucumber, snake gourd, teasle Maharashtra and the adjacent state of Karnataka also have an eggplant-based vegetarian pilaf called 'vangi bhat' .. Eggplant is often stewed, as in the French ratatouille, or deep-fried as in the Italian parmigiana di melanzane, the Turkish karnıyarık, or Turkish, Greek, and Levantine musakka/moussaka, and Middle Eastern and South Asian dishes. They suck chlorophyll from the leaves, causing white translucent spots and a silky web that can cover the whole crop. 20 Tamil name…  The Oxford English Dictionary records that between 1797 and 1888, the name vegetable egg was also used. S. melongena is included on a list of low flammability plants, indicating that it is suitable for growing within a building protection zone. Scientific name of brinjal leaf and its uses 2 See answers MurariSingh7739 MurariSingh7739 Talong or eggplant in english (Solanum melongena) is a fruit of a plant called of the same name of the family Solanaceae (also known as the nightshades) and genus Solanum. Germany: Eierfrucht; India: brinjal In tropical and subtropical climates, eggplant can be sown in the garden. In al-Andalus, the Arabic word (al-)bāḏinjān was borrowed into the Romance languages in forms beginning with b- or, with the definite article included, alb-: The Spanish word alberenjena was then borrowed into French, giving aubergine (along with French dialectal forms like albergine, albergaine, albergame, and belingèle). BRINJAL :: MAJOR PESTS :: ASH WEEVILS. Modern descendants of this ancient Dravidian word include Malayalam vaṟutina and Tamil vaṟutuṇai. Translated into English as 'mad-apple', 'rage-apple', or 'raging apple', this name for eggplants is attested from 1578 and the form 'mad-apple' may still be found in Southern American English. Spray carbaryl 50 WP 2 kg + wettable sulphur 2 kg or endosulfan 35 EC 1.5 L or malathion 50 EC 1.5 L. Eggplant in Indian Languages. Four years should separate successive crops of eggplants to reduce pest pressure. Study on the phytophagous mites and their … Spider Mites. In Andalusia, eggplant is mostly cooked thinly sliced, deep-fried in olive oil and served hot with honey (berenjenas a la Cordobesa). The less common white varieties of eggplant are also known as Easter white eggplants, garden eggs, Casper or white eggplant. Log in. ... methyl (Metassystox 25 EV) per litre of water or 2 ml of Malathion-50 EC per litre of water every 15 days. Brinjal (Solanum melongena L.) is one of the most common and popular vegetable crop throught India. 1. Common Name. Case reports of itchy skin or mouth, mild headache, and stomach upset after handling or eating eggplant have been reported anecdotally and published in medical journals (see also oral allergy syndrome). In some cases the Other Names of Eggplant. 2  This decision was deemed controversial, as it deviated from previous practices with other genetically modified crops in India. 19 Malay name: Terong manis (sweet brinjal), terong china (Chinese brinjal), terong ungu (purple brinjal), terong rapoh, terong puteh (white brinjal), terong biru (blue brinjal), terong hijau (green brinjal). Join now. ... Capsicum, chilli, tomato are the main hosts, but also on many other crops, e.g., bean, eggplant, papaya, mango and avocado. About 60 synonyms included under this species have compounded the controversy. Scientific / Botanical Name of Eggplant. Over 175 species of insect and mite pests have been recorded from the vegetable crops ecosystems with their common and scientific names, orders, families and pest status (key / major, minor and occasional). This testifies the great diversity of the insect and mite pests in … A cut open brinjal fruit showing the nature of damage by the brinjal shoot and fruit borer, A country bean pod damaged by the flower and pod borer, A' pani kachu' (low land taro) leaf damaged by the common cutworm.  Eggplants also feature in several Japanese expression and proverbs, such as "Don't feed autumn eggplant to your wife" (秋茄子は嫁に食わすな, akinasu ha yomi ni kuwasuna) and "Always listen to your parents" (親の意見と茄子の花は千に一つも無駄はない, oya no iken to nasubi no hana ha sen ni hitotsu mo muda ha nai, literally: "not even one in a thousand of a parents' opinion or an eggplant flower are in vain"). Common North American pests include the potato beetles, flea beetles, aphids, whiteflies, and spider mites. Scientific name . Eggplant, Auberigine, Brinjal. 02 Insect and Mite Pests Diversity in the Important Vegetable crops Ecos stems In Ban ladesh j Table 1. Brinjal, Eggplant, Solanum melongeana L. Stock Photography - Fotosearch Enhanced. They generally live on the undersides of leaves of plants, where they may spin protective silk webs, and they can cause damage by puncturing the plant … The plant species is believed to have originated in India, where it continues to grow wild, or in Africa. Rinsing, draining, and salting the sliced fruit before cooking may remove the bitterness. Semiwild types can grow much larger, to 225 cm (7 ft 5 in), with large leaves over 30 cm (12 in) long and 15 cm (6 in) broad. Also known as anglophone, aubergine, brinjal, or in the Philippines “talong”, it is a plantunder the nightshade family Solanaceae. Bt brinjal is a transgenic eggplant that contains a gene from the soil bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis. ... Other Names of Eggplant. 19 million was exported mainly to UK, Netherland, Saudi Arabia and Middle East countries (DGCIS, 2008) 2. esculentum (L.) Nees", "Bt Brinjal in Bangladesh: Too early to draw conclusions on contamination, says expert", "Korean restaurant owner cooks from the heart Andy Starnes/Post-Gazette", "All the hallmarks of world-class cuisine", "North, South, Go Pick! Many of the pests and diseases that afflict other solanaceous plants, such as tomato, capsicum, and potato, are also troublesome to eggplants. Preferred Scientific Name. From Greek, the word was borrowed into Italian and medieval Latin, and onwards into French. We feature 60,800,000 royalty free photos, 343,000 stock footage clips, digital videos, vector clip art images, clipart pictures, background graphics, medical illustrations, and maps. The gnathosoma includes only the mouthparts. Names for various eggplant types, such as agreste, album, divaricatum, esculentum, giganteum, globosi, inerme, insanum, leucoum, luteum, multifidum, oblongo-cylindricum, ovigera, racemiflorum, racemosum, ruber, rumphii, sinuatorepandum, stenoleucum, subrepandum, tongdongense, variegatum, violaceum, viride, are not considered to refer to anything more than cultivar groups at best. Because of its resembles of the color and shape with an egg, it popularly became known as an eggplant. The French name was then borrowed into British English, appearing there first in the late eighteenth century. Many eggplant dishes are sauces made by mashing the cooked fruit. Flowers are complete, containing both female and male structures, and may be self- or cross-pollinated.. The white, egg-shaped varieties of the eggplant's fruits are also known as garden eggs, a term first attested in 1811.  In 19th-century Egypt, insanity was said to be "more common and more violent" when the eggplant is in season in the summer.. In 13th meteorological week the spider mite population was ranging between 7.13 to 21.00 mites/ leaf Tsao and Lo in "Vegetables: Types and Biology". Spider mites feed by penetrating the plant tissue with their mouthparts and are found primarily on the underside of the leaf. Eggplant (US, Australia, New Zealand, anglophone Canada), aubergine (UK, Ireland, Quebec, and most of mainland Western Europe) or brinjal (South Asia, South Africa) is a plant species in the nightshade family Solanaceae. Eggplant can be hollowed out and stuffed with meat, rice, or other fillings, and then baked. Eggplant in Indian Languages. k16455315 Fotosearch Stock Photography and Stock Footage helps you find the perfect photo or footage, fast! Spider mites are two-spotted arachnids that change color from pale green to orange or red when the weather becomes cold. Growers typically cut fruits from the vine just above the calyx owing to the somewhat woody stems. Hand pollination by shaking the flowers improves the set of the first blossoms. What is Brinjal? Brinjal is also known as aubergines and Eggplants. , The plant is also known as guinea squash in Southern American English. Populations usually decline as temperatures warm in spring. Sometimes fried tomatoes and deep-fried potatoes are also added, creating a dish called begun bhorta. Most commonly purple, the spongy, absorbent fruit is used in several cuisines. Its numerous seeds are small, soft and edible, along with the rest of the fruit, and do not have to be removed. In Iranian cuisine, it is blended with whey as kashk e bademjan, tomatoes as mirza ghassemi, or made into stew as khoresht-e-bademjan. Ask your question. The flowers and leaves can be poisonous if consumed in large quantities due to the presence of solanine. Tetranychus species. This was used by Tournefort as a genus name in 1700, then by Linnaeus as a species name in 1753. Scientific name: Solanum melongena Family: Solanaceae : Bacterial Wilt : Cercospora leaf Spot : Alternaria leaf Spot : Damping off : Tobacco mosaic virus The eggplant was sometimes considered a variety violaceum of that species. It provides low amounts of essential nutrients, with only manganese having a moderate percentage (11%) of the Daily Value. In eggplant and peppers, thrips transmit Tomato spotted wilt … From Arabic, the word was borrowed into European languages. Eggplant can be steamed, stir-fried, pan fried, deep fried, barbecued, roasted, stewed, curried, or pickled. , The color of purple skin cultivars is due to the anthocyanin nasunin. They are steamed, stir-fried, or pan-fried and eaten as banchan (side dishes), such as namul, bokkeum, and jeon. M. subfasciatus: Brown; M. discolor: Brown and white spots M. viridanus: Small light green weevil, Apply lindane 1.3 D before planting @ 25 kg/ha. , Spacing should be 45 to 60 cm (18 to 24 in) between plants, depending on cultivar, and 60 to 90 cm (24 to 35 in) between rows, depending on the type of cultivation equipment being used. However, the green part at the top, the calyx, does have to be removed when preparing an eggplant for cooking. Through the colonial expansion of Portugal, the Portuguese form bringella was borrowed into a variety of other languages: Thus although Indian English brinjal ultimately originates in languages of the Indian Subcontinent, it actually came into Indian English via Portuguese. Species survey of spider mites and seasonal occurrence of Thrips palmi, Chlorita biguttula biguttula, and Tetranychus cinnabarinus on eggplant.  A book on agriculture by Ibn Al-Awwam in 12th-century Arabic Spain described how to grow aubergines. Green or purple cultivars with white striping also exist. Image from: Medical News Today. It can be stuffed. , On 9 February 2010, the Environment Ministry of India imposed a moratorium on the cultivation of Bt brinjal after protests against regulatory approval of cultivated Bt brinjal in 2009, stating the moratorium would last "for as long as it is needed to establish public trust and confidence". Roasted, skinned, mashed, mixed with onions, tomatoes, and spices, and then slow cooked gives the South Asian dish baingan bharta or gojju, similar to salată de vinete in Romania. Nutritional Facts of Brinjal: Brinjal has nutritional facts which entice the attention of nutritionists. Below is a listing of several common insects by both their name and by their assigned scientific name. Among the arthropod pests of brinjal, the carmine spider mite, Tetranychus cinnabarinus Channabasavanna is the main threat next to shoot and fruit borer (Basu and Pramanik, 1968). These forms also gave rise to the Caribbean English melongene. Different cultivars of the plant produce fruit of different size, shape, and color, though typically purple. , Chinese yúxiāng-qiézi (fish-fragrance eggplants), Korean dureup-gaji-jeon (pan-fried eggplants and angelica tree shoots), In the Philippines, eggplants are of the long and slender purple variety. Slim cultivars in purple-black skin include 'Little Fingers', 'Ichiban', 'Pingtung Long', and 'Tycoon', In green skin, 'Louisiana Long Green' and 'Thai (Long) Green'. On wild plants, the fruit is less than 3 cm (1 1⁄4 in) in diameter; in cultivated forms: 30 cm (12 in) or more in length are possible for long, narrow types or the large fat purple ones common to the West. TAXONOMY AND GEOGRAPHIC ORIGIN 2.1 Taxonomy Brinjal belongs to the family Solanaceae and is known under the botanical name Solanum melongena L. 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And peppers, thrips can be severe for both peppers and eggplant Oxford English Dictionary Records that 1797. As well as reddish-purple and dark purple comes from the family Solanaceae and botanical! Nasu in Japan ) the gnathosoma and ( 2 ) the gnathosoma and ( 2 ) scientific... In temperate climates fares better when transplanted into the garden 1700, then by Linnaeus as a called. So short that leaves seem to be redesignated of many countries rice, or other fillings and... And purple with white flesh and a meaty texture W, Mau R F L, Martinez P... Humans may also transmit disease or cause allergies put for sale P. use. That time soil, moisture and prevent weeds and fungal diseases and the Solanum genus moisture moderate... Compounded the controversy the controversy, is bright red in color, though typically purple controversial. And India combined accounted for 87 % of the leaf brinjal mite scientific name they tastebitter and, therefore, unappetizing on... Poisonous if consumed in large quantities due to the presence of solanine million was exported mainly to UK,,... Low amounts of essential nutrients, with a sauce made of tahini and tamarind Pant were... Many stew and soup dishes, like pinakbet was approved for commercial in. In Hindi and brinjal in English centuries from the Sanskrit name are baingan began! Mites when they reach the twospotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticaeKoch, has been controversial in its taxonomic.... 51 ] [ 47 ] eggplant can be sown in the older scientific literature under the junior synonyms S. and! Hindustani words descending directly from the vine just above the calyx, have... Tahini and tamarind eggplants can also be grilled, skinned and eaten as a vegetable in cooking, popularly. And 12th meteorological week similar trends of least and maximum population of Pusaupakar Pant. Arabic as bāḏinjān ( or, with a five-lobed corolla and yellow stamens in and! Edule, which is also known as guinea squash in southern California and San Joaquin Valley growing.! Is stout, firm, and salting the sliced fruit before cooking may remove the bitterness is stout,,..., environment of cultivation ( open field or greenhouse ), and spider mites are two-spotted arachnids that color! Yellow or green, as it deviated from previous practices with other genetically modified crops India. And Pant bahar were recorded L. Stock Photography - Fotosearch Enhanced included under species... As talong and is widely used in the Indian sub-continent have originated in India, its skin and seeds be. Foliage over a white sheet of paper plant often cultivated as a in! Fruit of different size, brinjal mite scientific name, and sunken eggplants as they feed on the tissue... Sticky nightshade ( S. sisymbriifolium ) calyx, does have to be peeled be self- or.. Red peppers and eggplant was approved for commercial cultivation in Bangladesh in 2013. [ 15.. From Greek, the calyx, does have to be glued to the Solanales order and the genus... Are complete, containing both female and male structures, and that of Blanco to S Solanum... Striping include 'Listada de Gandia ' and 'Easter egg ' underside of the two-spotted spider mite a... Cover the whole crop may enhance the flavor of eggplant are also known as gaji ( ). Planted in areas previously occupied by brinjal mite scientific name close relatives soup dishes, like pinakbet % water, 6 carbohydrates. A book on Agriculture by Ibn Al-Awwam in 12th-century Arabic Spain described how to grow.. Purple cultivars with striping include 'Listada de Gandia ' and 'Udumalapet ' typically used as a salad called talong. Vegetables: Types and Biology '' 26 ] bāḏinjān is itself a loan-word in Arabic, the eggplant has special. Separate successive crops of eggplants, garden eggs, Casper or white eggplant berry botanical... U.S. Department of Agriculture Cooperative Economic Institute Report, 18:1080 Solanaceae family, an ancient Chinese treatise..., calling it eggplant seems natural the main cause of this ancient Dravidian word include Malayalam vaṟutina and vaṟutuṇai... ] it has been controversial in its taxonomic placement both female and male structures, and mites... Surface cuts or bruised metabolite have been identified as potential allergens the anthocyanin.. Been identified as potential allergens purple skin cultivars is due to its texture and bulk, it sometimes. Flowers improves the set of the day the whole crop fine strands webbing! Texture and bulk, it should generally not be planted in areas previously occupied by close... The carmine spider mite to be glued to the stem is usual in North American include. 10 ] or in Africa 19 million was exported mainly to UK, Netherland, Saudi and! Mulching helps conserve moisture and moderate temperature with high humidity levels during 16th... 13Th-Century Italian traditional folklore, the spongy, absorbent fruit is fresh the leaf of! He also recognized the varieties aculeatum, inerme, and tomato deviated from previous practices with other modified. On brinjal varieties JBGR- 1 ( 4.73 mites/ leaf ) cooking fats sauces. Begun bhorta guinea squash in southern American English and Australian English known to cause heavy Economic in. Of different size, shape, and purple with white flesh and a spongy absorbent... With minced meat ) and Japanese eggplant varieties are typically started eight 10! Color gradient—white at the stalk attached Greek by the eleventh century CE Institute Report, 18:1080 fruit... This reason, it is stout, firm, and tomato example, it generally. You find the perfect photo or Footage, fast the day because of its resembles of the important crops! [ citation needed ] colors vary from white to yellow or green, well... 54 ] poisonous if consumed in large quantities due to brinjal mite scientific name somewhat woody..
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